Havan is the term for a sacred purifying ritual in Hinduism that involves a fire ceremony. It is a ritual of sacrifice made to the fire god Agni. After lighting a Havan Kund (sacrificial fire), objects such as fruits, honey, or wooden goods are put into the sacred fire. If there are any spirits that are evil around you or even inside you they get burned off in the sacred fire. It is believed that this sacrifice will bring health, happiness, luck and prosperity.
Person doing havan should sit on the south (facing north) and head of household should sit in the west facing east. Other attendees can sit anywhere. Put some water in the 4 bowls and some samagri in the 3 plates for attendees use during the Havan. The 4th is the main plate used below.
Set up the diya by putting some Ghi and the cotton wick in it. Put some halwa (or other sweet stuff) in plate.
The following practices vary, the below is one of them. Almost all of this is optional .Tie some kalava around the Lota and fill it with water and place near Havan Kund’s south west corner. Tie some kalava around a small piece of wood stick and put in plate. Put some roli or haldi and some chaval in the same plate (we will use this for tika). Put a few flowers in the same plate.
AT THE VENUE

  1. Havan Kund
  2. A ‘parat’ or ‘thali’ to be placed below the havan kund.
  3. Bricks (2 to 4) to be placed below the ‘parat’ or ‘thali’.
  4. Old newspapers to be placed below the bricks.
  5. ‘Asans’ for the persons performing the havan and for the ‘purohit’ or person conducting the havan.
    These should be placed on all four sides of the havan kund.
    Two each on three sides and one on the forth side for the purohit.
  6. Carpets & Durries covered with white sheets all around in the room or place where the havan is to be conducted.
  7. There should also be some chairs for persons who cannot sit on the floor because of old age or ailments like artharitus.
  8. Havan mantra books
  9. 4 katories with water and tea spoons for ‘aachman’. Please note that all utensils required should be of brass, copper or steal. Glass or ceramics may be avoided.
  10. 1 glass / lota with water
  11. 1 katora for ghee with a spoon
  12. 1 katory or deep for ‘agni jyoti’.
  13. Small ‘thalis’ or plates for samagri.
  14. Agarbati stand.
  15. Match box 1.
  16. Cotton for “agni jyoti” small quantity.
  17. Dhup / Agarbati 1 packet each.
  18. Mushakapur for lighting fire 3 packets (available at general / kirana stores)
  19. Pure ghee 300 gms
  20. Samagri 1 kg
  21. Samidha 2 kg (small cut wood. Preference is given to mango tree wood and the wood should be completely dry to ensure that it catches fire soon without smoke.
  22. Garlands and Flowers (these are required for giving blessings to the hosts / jajman of the havan.)
  23. Prasad. Preferable halva in small ‘donas’ for distribution. one katori of prasad or sugar is also required during havan for “ahuti” to the fire. Care should be taken that the ‘donors’ are such that ghee should not pour out. A paper napkin along will be useful. These ‘dona’s can be of paper lined with aluminium foil.

  1. The ghee should be melted so that it can be poured by a spoon and placed before the main host.
  2. The samagri should first be mixed with some ghee and placed in small thalis/plates on all sides of the havan kund for everyone convenience.
  3. The four katories with teaspoons should be filled with water and placed on all four sides of the havan kund for ‘aachman’.
  4. 1 glass/lota of water should be placed before the purohit.
  5. All other materials required should be ready and made available to the purohit including one katori of prasad.

  1. All persons should be seated with crossed legs around the havan kund.
  2. Family members of the host should occupy the ‘aasans’ provided around kund.
  3. The main couple to perform the havan should preferably face the East. If married, the wife should be seated to the right of the husband.
  4. This main host shall offer ghee to the fire while all others shall offer samagri.
  5. The purohit shall first make and light the “agni jyoti”. He will also light the dhup and place them on the parat / thali on all four sides of the havan kund on the ledge so that when water is poured in the parat / thali, the dhup does not submerge in the water. He will also light the agarbatis, and place the agarbati stand near to the “agni jyoti” at his side of the havan kund.
  6. The purohit will place some wood in the havan kund in a manner that it shall catch fire very soon.
  7. We are now ready to start the havan. Try to sit straight with your back bone at 90% to the floor and take a deep breath.
  8. The mantras will begin.

  1. Ved aarti shall be recited.
  2. If someone can, bhajans shall be recited / sung.
  3. The purohit or someone else can give a small pravachan from the teachings of vedas.
  4. Shanti Path shall be recited.
  5. Aashirwad mantras shall be recited, garlands shall be worn to the hosts and flowers / petals shall be showered as aashirwad on the hosts.
  6. After the aashirwad, the host couple should seek the blessings from the purohit first and then from the elders of the family.
  7. After the aashirwad, prasad should be distributed to all.
  8. A member of the host family should stand at the gate and thank the people leaving for participating in the havan.
  9. After everyone has left, the flowers/petals should be carefully gathered so that they do not crush under the feet. They can than be mixed with the earth in the garden or pots of plants. Alternatively, they can also be disposed off in a nearby river.
  10. By now, the havan kund will be giving away smoke. It should be removed carefully with a cloth / towel as it should be hot, and kept outside in a corner until the fire and smoke completely die. The residue in the havan kund can be disposed off in the same manner as the flowers.

START HAVAN: VEDIC SANDHYA or BHRAMA-YAGYA
Om Bhur Bhuvah Swah , Tat Savitur Varenyam ,
Bhargo Devasya Dhimahi , Dhiyo Yo Nah Prachodayat
[Take water in Right hand : 3 times]

  • Om amrito pastaran masi svaha | [Drink water]
  • Om amrita pidhaan masi svaha | [Drink water]
  • Om satyam yash shreer mayi shree shrya taam svaha | [ Drink water]

[Wash Hands. Now take water in Left and use mid two Right hand fingers to touch. Right then Left ]

  • Om vaangma aasye stu | {Mouth}
  • Om nasorme praano stu | {Nose}
  • Om aakshor me chak shur astu | {Eyes}
  • Om karnyor me shrotram astu | {Ears}
  • Om bahu vor me balam astu | {Arms}
  • Om uur vorma ojo stu | {Knees}
  • Om arishtaani megaani tanoo stanva mi sah santu | {All Over}

  • Om vishwaani deva savitur duri taani paraa suva | yad bhad ram tanna aasuva |
  • Om hiranya garbha samavarta taagre bhootasya jaata patirek aaseet | sadaa dhaar prithvi dhyamu te maam kasmayee devaa ya havishaa vidhema |
  • Om yaatmada balada yasya vishve upaasate prashisham yasya deva yasya chhaaya amritam yasya mrityu kasmayee devaa ya havishaa vidhema |
  • Om yapraanato nimi shato mahitvaik idraajaa jagato babhoova | ya eeshe asya dwipadash chatush pada kasmai devaa ya havishaa vidhema |
  • Om yendhyo rugra prithvi ch dridha yen svastam bhi tam yen naak | Yo antariksha rajso viman kasmayee deva ya havisha vidhema |
  • Om prjaapate natva deta nyan yo vishwa jaataani prita vabhoova | yatka maste juhu mastanno astu vayam syaam patayo rayeenaam |
  • Om sano bandhur janita savidhata dhaa maa ni veda bhuva naani vishwa | yatra devaa amrit maan shaa naastri tee ye dhaa manna dhyai rayanta |
  • Om agne naya supatha raaye aasmaan vishwani deva vayu naani vidwaan | Yuyo dhyas ma ju hu raana me no bhuyish thaante naam unktim vidhema |

  • Om bhoor bhuvah svaha | [Light the Diya. Light camphor in spoon]

[Put camphor into havan kund at the end of the following manta]

  • Om bhoor bhuvah swar dyo riva bhoomanaa prithvi vava rimnaa | tasya aste prithvi deva yajani prish thae agn manna da manna dya ya da dhe |

[Add Ghi and small sticks to the fire with this mantra to get the fire going]

  • Om ud.bhud.yas-waag.ne prati.jaag.ri.hi tvam.ishta.poorte.sam.srije.tham.a.yan ch | asmin.t.sadhas.the ad.dhyut.tar.asmin vish.ve.deva yajmaa.nashch see.da.ta |

[Use 3 wood bits about 5-8 inches each, dipped in Ghi. Add one per svaha]

  • Om ayant idma aatma jaat.vedas-te-nain dhasya vardhasya che.dha.vardhaya chaas.maan prajaya pashu.bhi-brahma.varchasain.naan.naa dhain same.dha.ya svaha | id.m-agnaye jaat veda se idanna-mamah:| [1]
  • Om sami.dhag.nim du.vasya.ta ghri.ter.bo.dhaya.ta.ti.tham aasmin hav.vyaa juho.tana |
  • Om su.samidha ya.sho.chi.she ghri.tam teev.ram juho.tana | aagnaye jaat veda-se svaha | id.m-agnaye jaat veda se idanna-mamah:| [2]
  • Om tantva samid.bhir.angiro ghri.tain vardhaya-masi bri.hish.chho.chaa ya.vish.chya svaha | id.m-agnaye inge.ra.se idanna-mamah:| [3]

[Read the next mantra 5 times adding only Ghi to the fire]

  • Om ayant idhma aatma jaat.vedas-te-nain dhasya.vardhasya che.dha.vardhaya chaas.maan prajayaa pashu.bhi-brahma.var.cha.se.n.naan.naa dhain same.dha.ya svaha | id.m-agnaye jaat veda se idanna-mamah:| [1] [2] [3] [4] [5]

  • Om adi.tain.u.manya’sva | [Sprinkle water in the East]
  • Om anu.matain.u.manya’sva | [Sprinkle water in the West]
  • Om saras.vat.tyan.u.manya’sva [Sprinkle water in the North]
  • Om deva savita: pra.suva yagyam pra.suva yagya.patim bhagaaya | divyo gandharva: ke.ta.puh: ke.tanna punaatu vaa.chas.patir.vaa.cham.na: sva.datu | [Sprinkle water: East-South-West-North-East]
  • GHI AND SWEET STUFF AAHUTI [Put in Ghi and a little bit of the Halwa or other sweet stuff into the fire as directed below]
  • Om agnaye svaha | id.m-agnaye idanna-mamah: | [North Side]
  • Om somaaya svaha | id.m-somaaya idanna-mamah: | [South Side]
  • Om prajaa.pataye svaha | idam prajaa.pataye idanna-mamah: | [Center]
  • Om indraa.ya svaha | idam indraa.ya idanna-mamah: | [Center]
  • GHI and SAMAGRI MANTRAS

[Add Ghi as before. Attendees to add samagri on svaha]

  • Om sooryo jyotir.jyoti: surya: svaha |
  • Om sooryo varcho.jyotir.varcha: svaha |
  • Om jyoti: soorya: sooryo.jyoti: svaha |
  • Om sajur.de.vain savitra sajoo-ru.sha.sen.dra.vatyaa | jushan^u: sooryo vetu svaha |
  • Om bhur.agnaye.praan^aye svaha | id.m-agnaye praan^aya idanna-mamah: |
  • Om bhuvar.vaa.ya.ve paa.naa.ya svaha | id-m vaa.ya.ve paa.naa.ya idanna-mamah: |
  • Om svara.dityaay vya.naaya svaha | id-m-aadityaay vya.naaya idanna-mamah: |
  • Om bhur bhuvah: swaragni.vaa.ya.va.di.te.bhya: praa.n^aa.paa.na vyaa.nai.bhya: svaha | idr-magna vaaya.vaa.di.te.bhya: praa.n^aa.paa.na vyaa.ne.bhya: idanna-mamah: |
  • Om aapo jyoti raso-amritam brahma bhur bhuvah: svarom svaha |
  • Om yaam me.dhaam deva ga.n^aa: pita.rashcho.paa.sate | Tayaa maa.m.dh.ya.me.dha.yaagne me.dhaa vinam kuroo svaha |
  • Om vishwani deva savitur duri taani para suva | yad bhad.ram tanna aasuva svaha |
  • Om agne naya supatha raaye asmaan vishwaani deva vayu.naani vidwaan | Yuyo dhyas.ma.ju.hu.raa.n^a.me.no bhuyish.th^aante na.m: unktim vidhema svaha |

  • Om agnir.jyotir.jyotir.agni: svaha |
  • Om agnir.varcho.jyotir.varchaa: svaha | [Silent MANTRA]
  • Om agnir.jyotir.jyotir.agni: svaha | [Do not speak this out. Do this one in Mind Only]
  • Om sajur de.vain savitra saju.ra.traindra.vatya jushan^o agnir.vetu svaha |
  • Om bhur.agnaye.prn^aye svaha |
  • Om bhuvar.vaa.yave-paa.naa.ya svaha |
  • Om svara.dityaay vya.naaya svaha |
  • Om bhur bhu.vah: sva.ragni.vaaya.vaa.di.te.bhya: praa.n^aa.paa.na vyaa.ne.bhya: svaha |
  • Om aapo jyoti raso-amritam brahma bhur bhu.vah: svarom svaha | [Do GAYTRI MANTRA 3 times ]
  • Om bhur bhuvah: svaha: tat savitur varn^ae-niyam bhargo devasya dhi mahi dhiyo yona pracho da.ya-t svaha | [1] [2] [3]

[Do VISHWANI DEVA 3 times]

  • Om vishwaani deva savitur duri taani para suva | yad bhad.ram tanna aasuva svaha | [1] [2] [3]

PURNA AHUTI [ All remaining ghi and samagri into the fire: do 3 times]

  • Om sar.vang.vayi purn^am svaha | [1] [2] [3]

Om shanti antariksha shanti: prithvi shanti rapa: shantir-oshadhaya: shanti: | vanaspataya: shantir-vish.ve.deva: shantir-brahma shanti: sarvatram shanti: shanti-reva shanti: saa maa shanti-re.dhi | Om shanti-sh-shanti-sh-shanti |
END OF MAIN HAVAN:
Tie kalava around the wrist of all participants. Right hand for all kids and men, left for women. Add a bit of water to roli/haldi and do tilak. Serve out the halwa (or other sweet stuff) as the “prasaad”. The havan kund should be allowed to burn down to ashes on its own, but if necessary, use water to shut it down. The havan kund can be moved to the outside of the house or other place as need be. If the dwelling has a garden – empty the ashes into the soil. Similarly, empty the water used in the havan into the garden or even any potted plants if possible. Adapt as parctical.